Source code for gavo.base.cron

A cron-like facility to regularly run some functions.

Most of the apparatus in here is not really for user consumption.
There's a singleton of the queue created below, and the methods of that
singleton are exposed as module-level functions.

To make the jobs actually execute, the running program has to call
registerSchedulerFunction(schedulerFunction).  Only the first
registration is relevant.  The schedulerFunction has the signature
sf(delay, callable) and has to arrange for callable to be called delay
seconds in the future; twisted's reactor.callLater works like this.

However, you should arrange for previous callLaters to be canceled when
a new one comes in.  There is no management to make sure only one
queue reaper runs at any time (it doesn't hurt much if more than one
run, but it's a waste of resources).

#c Copyright 2008-2023, the GAVO project <>
#c This program is free software, covered by the GNU GPL.  See the
#c COPYING file in the source distribution.

import calendar
import datetime
import heapq
import sys
import time
import threading
import traceback

from gavo import utils
from gavo.base import config
from gavo.base import osinter

[docs]def isCensored(job): """a hook to that can return true to suppress jobs. This is used with serve debug. """ return False
[docs]def sendMailToAdmin(subject, message, debug=False): """tries to send a mail to the configured administrator. This relies on a functional mail infrastructure on the local host. """ if not config.get("maintainerAddress"): utils.sendUIEvent("Error", "Wanted to send mail with subject '%s', but no" " maintainerAddress is given"%subject) return if debug: rateLimitKey = None else: rateLimitKey = subject osinter.sendMail( "\n".join(["To: "+config.get("maintainerAddress"), "Subject: "+subject, "From: DaCHS server <%s>"%config.get("maintainerAddress"), "Content-Type: text/plain", "", utils.safe_str(message)]), rateLimitKey)
[docs]class AbstractJob(object): """A job run in a queue. These have a name and a run() method; use their reportCronFailure(message) method to deliver error messages (of course, you can also just log; reportCronFailure will in typically send a mail). Concrete jobs have to implement a getNextWakeupTime(gmtime) -> gmtime method; they probably have to redefine __init__; the must up-call. """ # here, Queue keeps track of the last time this job was started. lastStarted = None def __init__(self, name, callable): = name self.callable = callable def __str__(self): return "<%s %s, last run at %s>"%( self.__class__.__name__,, self.lastStarted) def __lt__(self, other): # these might be compared when the queue is heapified and two jobs # are scheduled at the same moment. Order doesn't matter, though. return id(self)<id(other)
[docs] def reportCronFailure(self, message): sendMailToAdmin("DaCHS %s job failed", "\n".join([ "DaCHS job %s failed"%utils.safe_str(self), "\nDetails:\n", message]))
[docs] def run(self): """runs callable under somewhat reliable circumstances. """ try: self.callable() except Exception: utils.sendUIEvent("Error", "Failure in timed job %s. Trying to send maintainer a mail."% utils.safe_str(self)) self.reportCronFailure("".join( traceback.format_exception(*sys.exc_info())))
[docs] def getNextWakeupTime(self, curTime): """returns the UTC unix epoch seconds when this job is next supposed to run, starting from curTime. """ raise NotImplementedError( "You must override AbstractJob.getNextWakeupTime()")
[docs]class IntervalJob(AbstractJob): """A job that's executed roughly every interval seconds. interval can be negative, in which case the job is scheduled for (almost) immediate execution. """ def __init__(self, interval, name, callable): self.interval = interval AbstractJob.__init__(self, name, callable)
[docs] def getNextWakeupTime(self, curTime): # special behaviour for the first call with a negative interval: # fix the interval and run immediately. if self.interval<0: self.interval = -self.interval return curTime if self.lastStarted is None: return curTime+self.interval/10 else: return curTime+self.interval
[docs]class TimedJob(AbstractJob): """A job that's run roughly daily at some wallclock (UTC) times. times is a list of (day-of-month, day-of-week, hour, minute) tuples. day-of-month and/or day-of-week are 1-based and may be None (if both are non-none, day-of-week wins). """ def __init__(self, times, name, callable): self.times = times AbstractJob.__init__(self, name, callable)
[docs] def getNextWakeupTime(self, curTime): # dumb strategy: get parts, replace hour and minute, and if it's # in the past, add a day; do that for all recurrence times, and use # the smallest one. nextWakeups = [] baseDT = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(curTime) for dom, dow, hour, minute in self.times: if dow is not None: dayDiff = dow-baseDT.isoweekday() if dayDiff<0: dayDiff += 7 curDT = baseDT+datetime.timedelta(days=dayDiff) curDT = curDT.replace(hour=hour, minute=minute) if curDT<=baseDT: curDT = curDT+datetime.timedelta(days=7) elif dom is not None: curDT = baseDT.replace(day=dom, hour=hour, minute=minute) if curDT<=baseDT: if curDT.month<12: curDT = curDT.replace(month=curDT.month+1) else: curDT = curDT.replace(year=curDT.year+1, month=1) else: curDT = baseDT.replace(hour=hour, minute=minute) if curDT<=baseDT: curDT = curDT+datetime.timedelta(hours=24) nextWakeups.append(calendar.timegm(curDT.utctimetuple())) return min(nextWakeups)
[docs]class Queue(object): """A cron-job queue. This is really a heap sorted by the time the job is next supposed to run. """ def __init__(self): = [] self.lock = threading.Lock() self.scheduleFunction = None def _rescheduleJob(self, job): """adds job to the queue and reschedules the wakeup if necessary. Since this method does not check for the presence of like-named jobs, it must be used for rescheduling exclusively. To schedule new jobs, use _scheduleJob. """ if isCensored(job): return else: with self.lock: heapq.heappush(, (job.getNextWakeupTime(time.time()), job)) self._scheduleWakeup() def _scheduleJob(self, job): """adds job to the job list. This is basically like _rescheduleJob, except that this method makes sure that any other job with the same name is removed. """ lastStarted = self._unscheduleForName( job.lastStarted = lastStarted self._rescheduleJob(job) def _unscheduleForName(self, name): """removes all jobs named name from the job queue. """ toRemove = [] with self.lock: for index, (_, job) in enumerate( if toRemove.append(index) if not toRemove: return None toRemove.reverse() retval =[toRemove[0]][1].lastStarted for index in toRemove: heapq.heapify( return retval def _runNextJob(self): """takes the next job off of the job queue and runs it. If the wakeup time of the next job is too far in the future, this does essentially nothing. """ with self.lock: if not return if[0][0]>time.time()+0.1: # don't do anything on spurious wakeups return self._scheduleWakeup() jobTime, job = heapq.heappop( job.lastStarted = time.time() self._rescheduleJob(job) def _scheduleWakeup(self): """makes the toplevel scheduler wake queue processing up when the next job is due. """ if not # Nothing to run; we'll be called when someone schedules something return nextWakeup =[0][0] if self.scheduleFunction is not None: self.scheduleFunction(max(1, nextWakeup-time.time()), self._runNextJob)
[docs] def runEvery(self, seconds, name, callable): """schedules callable to be run every seconds. name must be a unique identifier for the "job". jobs with identical names overwrite each other. callable will be run in the main thread, so it must finish quickly or it will block the server. """ job = IntervalJob(seconds, name, callable) self._scheduleJob(job) return job
[docs] def repeatAt(self, times, name, callable): """schedules callable to be run every day at times. times is a list of (day-of-month, day-of-week, hour, minute) tuples. day-of-month and/or day-of-week are 1-based and may be None (if both are non-none, day-of-week wins). name must be a unique identifier for the "job". jobs with identical names overwrite each other. callable will be run in the main thread, so it must finish quickly or it will block the server. """ job = TimedJob(times, name, callable) self._scheduleJob(job) return job
[docs] def registerScheduleFunction(self, scheduleFunction): if self.scheduleFunction is None: self.scheduleFunction = scheduleFunction self._scheduleWakeup()
[docs] def clearScheduleFunction(self): self.scheduleFunction = None
[docs] def getQueueRepr(self): """returns a sequence of (startDateTime local, job name) pairs. This is for inspection/debug purposes. """ with self.lock: schedule =[:] return [(datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(jobTime), for jobTime, job in schedule]
_queue = Queue() runEvery = _queue.runEvery repeatAt = _queue.repeatAt registerScheduleFunction = _queue.registerScheduleFunction clearScheduleFunction = _queue.clearScheduleFunction